In addition to the Ergenekon case, a separate conspiracy against the army was brought to light in January 2012, when journalist Mehmet Baransu handed over a suitcase full of documents to judicial authorities. The documents purported to show that elements within the Turkish Armed Forces sought to create the conditions for a military intervention by fermenting chaos. This included the downing of a Turkish jet to provoke strife with Greece and the bombing of mosques. The prosecutors in the Balyoz case were Mehmet Berk, who has been accused of involvement in other FETO-led conspiracy trials, and Bilal Bayraktar who has been detained by authorities as a suspected member of FETO.
The alleged Balyoz plans contained numerous anachronic errors and inconsistencies. In some cases, the soldiers accused of formulating the plans were not in Turkey at the time the alleged plans were claimed to have been written.