The Ergenekon case was prompted by the discovery of munitions in an Istanbul suburb in 2007. The indictment was prepared by alleged FETO-member Zekeriya Oz, who fled Turkey via Georgia after attempting to topple the Turkish government with allegations of corruption in December 2013. The indictment claimed that Ergenekon was a shady deep-state network consisting of civil servants, journalists, academics, politicians and civil society leaders who were clandestinely working to overthrow the Turkish government through a campaign of terrorism.
The prosecution sought to establish that Ergenekon was involved in attacks on Turkey’s Christian minorities including a planned assassination against the Greek Orthodox Patriarch. It was also claimed that Ergenekon was behind terror attacks on the Council of State and the assassination of journalists. Additional accusations were made that soldiers plotted to assassinate senior officers. Those arrested during the investigation included senior soldiers such as retired Chief of General Staff Ilker Basbug, academics such as Mehmet Haberal and Kemal Alemdaroglu, and former Istanbul Mayor Bedrettin Dalan.
However, it soon became apparent that the majority of the prosecution’s evidence rested upon documents which were blatant forgeries. Allegations have likewise surfaced that FETO was involved in the aforementioned terror attacks. Turkey’s Court of Appeals has overturned the convictions and claimed that there is no evidence to substantiate the existence of the Ergenekon organization and its alleged activities. As with other conspiracies concerning the military, it became clear that FETO was using the Ergenekon trials to clear the war for the promotion of FETO-aligned bureaucrats and soldiers.